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D.D.A. guide: Who does the D.D.A. protect?

Disability Disability Rights
Friday 14 December, 2012


D.D.A. guide: Who does the
D.D.A. protect?

The definition of "disability" in the DDA includes:

  • Physical
  • Intellectual
  • Psychiatric
  • Sensory
  • Neurological,
    and
  • Learning
    disabilities, as well as
  • Physical
    disfigurement, and
  • The
    presence in the body of disease-causing organisms.

This
broad definition is meant to ensure that everyone with a disability is
protected.

The
DDA covers a disability which people:

  • Have
    now,
  • Had
    in the past (for example: a past episode of mental illness),
  • May
    have in the future (eg: a family history of a disability which a person
    may also develop),
  • Are
    believed to have (for example: if people think someone has AIDS).

The
DDA also covers people with a disability who may be discriminated against
because:

  • They
    are accompanied by an assistant, interpreter or reader,
  • They
    are accompanied by a trained animal, such as a guide or hearing dog,
    or
  • They
    use equipment or an aid, such as a wheelchair or a hearing aid.

The
DDA also protects people who have some form of personal connection with
a person with a disability like relatives, friends, carers and co-workers
if they are discriminated against because of that connection or relationship.
For example, it is unlawful discrimination if:

  • A
    parent is refused a job because the employer assumes he or she will
    need time off work to look after a child with a disability
  • People
    are refused access to a restaurant because they are with a friend who
    has a disability
  • A
    carer of a person with a disability is refused accommodation because
    of his or her association with the person with a disability
  • A
    worker is hassled about working with a person with a disability.

Harassment
because of disability, such as insults or humiliating jokes, is unlawful
in employment, education and in the provision of goods, services and facilities.

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